"SMART" CITY LIGHTING
The technology around us is constantly becoming more complicated and becoming really "smarter". Now it's not just a smartphone that can call you a taxi and order a pizza, and a whole system of integrated technologies is the basis for new, "smart" cities. According to McKinsey experts, by 2020 there will be about 600 "smart" cities in the world. In five years, these cities will generate almost two-thirds of the world's GDP. Earlier we talked about the introduction of one of the main component of the "smart city" in Ukraine - a single electronic ticket. Today we will talk about another, no less important - the system of "smart" lighting, which is actively being introduced in Ukrainian cities.
What is the difference between "smart" lighting and usual? Electric incandescent lamp that has been used everywhere since the 19th century has only two operation modes: on and off. No intermediate options. Intelligent lighting systems operate using an existing network - wired or wireless and providing greater control capabilities. Based on data from other systems lighting constantly adapts to environmental conditions and turns off or is minimized if there is noone in the lighting zone or automatically turns on when the car or person crosses the lighting zone.
The transition to "smart lighting" takes place in three stages. Each community chooses independently how much electricity it wants to save and how to manage the process of lighting the city. The first stage is the transition from traditional to LED lighting. It allows to save 50% of the cost for electricity, since LED bulbs convert almost all the energy received into light, whereas conventional incandescent lamps turns into light only 5% of energy and the rest into heat.
The second stage will be the transition of LED-lamps to the dimming mode. In this case, the manufacturer installs software that adjusts lighting for 4 different working seasons: spring, summer, winter and autumn. The setting depends on the average length of the light day in each season. The lamp operating time is determined to full power, the glow in the dimming mode, that is, not at full strength, and at what time the lighting will be completely turned off. Such a transition saves another 35-40% of the cost of electricity when using LED-lamps.
The last step is adaptive lighting. For LED lamps, a special mode is set when the dispatcher can adjust each lamp independently: turn on, off etc. Installation of this kind of lighting is expensive and it will pay off approximately within 10-15 years in Ukraine.
The installation of an intelligent lighting system in cities has several important advantages over conventional clarification:
- Increases energy efficiency and lighting devices economy by 30-50%
- Improves the quality of lighting
- Efficiently collects and manages databases
- Creates an intelligent management network, necessary in the future to create a "smart city"
- Reduces accident rate
- Adapts lighting to weather conditions
Now in Ukrainian cities LED-lighting is set up in the dimming mode, which pays off in 3-5 years. Benish GPS has already delivered 5 000 lighting devices to Kiev and negotiations are under way to install 6000 lamps in Vinnytsia. Gradually, other cities will join the cooperation in order to make life of Ukrainians more comfortable.
The future of cities is for smartisation and it comes already today through effective partnership with Benish GPS. The company has been cooperating with government agencies for many years and has already introduced specialized systems for automated control and monitoring of transport in Kyiv, Odesa, Mykolaiv and Kharkiv. Due to this, the cities have already made a big step forward becoming a "smart city". And intelligent lighting systems will make it even more possible to get this status.