E-TICKET: PUBLIC TRANSPORT REVOLUTION IN UKRAINE
Since 2014, Ukraine has officially started integration with the European Union, which led to changes. Reforms have touched many areas, including the work of urban transport. For example, now you can often hear the phrase "e-ticket", and the Verkhovna Rada has already passed a bill that formally allowed cities to introduce an automated payment system in public transport. When and how the system will work in Ukraine and why it is necessary to introduce an electronic ticket will help to understand the experience of using a unified ticket in the world.
So, in Warsaw (Poland), a unified ticket operates in all types of transport, the system is serviced by one company – Warsaw City Transportation Authority. Passenger buys a ticket, the cost of which depends on the duration and purpose of the trip: 20-minute time or per day with unlimited transfers. For those who use public transport constantly, there are permanent ticket for the period from month to year. All transport units are equipped with validators*, buttons of stop ordering, electronic scoreboards. So the work of transport excludes any deviations from the schedule.
In London (UK) the E-ticket was introduced in 2006, but the one-time travel card wasn't removed. An ordinary ticket costs is twice more expensive that a single electronic ticket. Later, most passengers began to use electronic tickets, because it is much cheaper and convenient. A unified ticket operates in all types of public transport and doesn’t limit the number of trips. You can buy a pass for a day, 3 days, a week, a month and a year, and for rail users there are discounts for poor service: this category includes the number of late and canceled trains.
Among the cities and countries that have introduced e-ticket, stands out Tallinn (Estonia). Travelling by public transport for the citizens is free – the decision was made by city residents via a referendum. The initiative helps to reduce the number of traffic jams, road accidents, save budget on the replacement of asphalt and expand the opportunities for the poor. An average Tallinn family of four people saves up to 600 euros a year due to free transportation in transport. For receiving such E-ticket, for Tallinn resident it is enough to present a document proving his identity at the post office, in a special R-Kiosk or city bureau. A unified ticket allows use all types of public transport, museums, attractions for free and give other discounts.
In Ukraine, the introduction of an e-ticket will allow local authorities to assess the real turnover of funds and the validity of fares, guarantee maximum transparency in the transportation of preferential categories of passengers and provide the ability to maintain statistics and analyze passenger traffic. For the public, a unified ticket will provide a convenient and fast payment system in all types of transport.
All the largest cities and regional centers, as well as Dnipropetrivsk, Kyiv and Odesa regions have expressed the readiness to introduce electronic ticket in transport in Ukraine. In Kyiv, there is a solution that is similar to a unified ticket - "Card of the Kievan" - a full-fledged bank card, which provides its owners the contactless payment in certain types of transport. In Lviv, the city authorities started preparation work and announced a tender for the implementation of the E-ticket. It is planned that the E-ticket system will begin working from the end of 2018 in all Lviv trams, trolley buses and buses, and in the future, in minibuses.
Benish GPS is a leader in telematics, security and GPS monitoring system, also takes part in this competition and ready to implement the E-ticket project not only in Lviv, but in other cities of Ukraine. In the field of public passenger transport, Benish GPS has carried out successful projects in Kyiv, Odesa, Mykolaiv and Kharkiv, introducing specialized systems for automated control and monitoring of transport operations, dispatching management and providing citizens traffic information.
*Validator – an electronic or electron-mechanical device designed to display and/or check documents recorded on contactless or contact electronic media for operational control over the legality of the passage of a passenger in any type of transport.